ALI-431: Introduction to Logic

The central role intellectual reasoning has played within Islam is apparent for anyone familiar with Islamic religious discourse. Logic has often been at the forefront of such discourse, and in this short course we will be attempt to explore the major discussions that have taken place within the subject of Logic or ‘Ilm al-Mantiq. Topics will cover conceptions (tasawwurāt), signification (dalālah), four modes of relation (nisab arba’), five universals (kulliyāt khams), assents (tasdīqāt), propositions (qaḍāya), equivalent conversions (‘aks mustawī), contradictory opposition (tanāquḍ), and syllogisms (qiyās).